There are factors that lead or contribute to pipe deterioration, especially for those that are used for transporting water supply to and from the home. It is not unheard of that untreated water causes pipe damage. This is due to a couple of compounds and elements present in them that are proven to have their own set of behaviours which do not conform to the pipe’s capacity and structural integrity. Many plumbing professionals have voiced out their own ideas on how and what started pipe deterioration. Here are the most common physical factors that made each list:
1. Pipe Material
Pipes differ from the materials they are made of to their individual performance when it comes to tolerance against deterioration factors, the durability of the pipe and the lifespan. Once the unit differs in composition, they are bound to have different alterations on the water they convey. Some pipes are made of impressively strong materials while others are not. Because these pipes are composed of different items, they have different weak points. It is important for a homeowner to pinpoint these weak links and focus on them.
The most common types of pipes that are used by homeowners and professional plumbers are cast iron pipes, concrete pipes, polyvinyl pipes and ductile iron pipes. When the pipes you are using do not have a high tolerance to corrosion, pressure and temperature, they might be more prone to early deterioration than those that have.
2. Wall Thickness
The walls of the pipe also play a great role in determining the lifespan and performance of the pipe. The thicker the walls of the pipe are the better. Pipes with thin walls are more prone to damage because they will have a hard time withstanding internal and external factors that weaken the structure of a pipe. On the other hand, a thick-walled pipe can handle more stress from the pressure produced by the load it is transporting and also resist crushing stress imposed by the dead load above and around the pipe.
3. Pipe Age
This is one of the major considerations when it comes to anything that involves daily-used materials. Of course, the older the material, the weaker it is against factors that promote damage. No matter how strong and durable a new material is, it is bound to slowly lose its structure and strength as it is utilised for different purposes.
4. Pipe Diameter
Most professional plumbers suggest that smaller pipes face more pipe problems than those that are bigger. This is due to the fact that there is more stress caused by water pressure in smaller pipes because there is lesser space compared to larger pipes. Larger pipes receive a lesser volume of stress caused by pressure being more spacious.
5. Joints Used
The type of joints used to connect one pipe to the other also poses a factor for pipe damage and deterioration. In some plumbing cases, deterioration often starts in the joint. Some joints tend to encourage faster and earlier deterioration than others. When the joint piping of the system fails, it is only a matter of time before the entire system collapses.